Wisely Travelling by Carlo Arcucci

Archaeological Tour

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Duration: 6 h

This volcano 1336m high, is the dominating feature of the Neapolitan landscape and is known throughout the world.

Its fame was assured in 1844 with the inauguration of the funicular railway to the top of the mountain to the music of Funiculi Funicula.

Is the only active continental volcano in Europe. Actually is sleeping from last disastrous eruption of 1944 (with abundant strain of lava and emission of ash.) accessible by car to 100 metres, than, the top can be reach with comfortable path, where there is a wonderful view of Napoli and Salerno.

Pompei was a fantastic village during the romain empire, many Roman veterans went to live in the city which soon assumed Roman characteristics, aspect and language. in 79 a.C. a huge cloud of ash, lapilli and other eruptive volcano and submerged Pompei and many of its citizens died either trough suffocation under the collapsed roofs or under the ash.

Today, you can do a jump into the past walking trough the rouins, looking, for example the home of the Vetti, house of rich merchant, or Villa dei Misteri, the most important construction of Pompeii.

And don't forget to give a look to the cameo factory.

As far as we know , Herculaneum was an italic city founded around the IVth century B.C. coping, in the geometric regularity of his structures, the lay-out of Naples, to see how the "decumani" (the main streets, with an east-west orientation) and the "cardines" (narrower streets) identify with those of the Partenopean city.

There is undeniably a "feeling" about Herculaneum which is quite different from what one "feel" in other ancient world centres brought to light so far, including Pompeii.

To a large extent this is due to the special circumstances of its interment by Vesuvius during the eruption of 79 A.D. The city was not struck by ashes and lapilli, but by a torrent of mud flooding down from the slopes of the volcano. Having solidified and becoming tufalike, it constituted for centuries the best possible defence against atmospheric agents and against illegal excavators. Towards the end of the first century B.C. the town become a resort center for the Roman aristocracy.

Unlike Pompeii, Herculaneum seems a more peaceful town, especially devoted to navy and fishing with a lot of greenery and vineyards. It is said, in fact, that Herculaneum was Epicure's favorite place for his philosophical studies.

Herculaneum had four to five thousands inhabitants and its square measure was a fifth smaller that of Pompeii. It was destroyed by the 79 A.D. eruption.

Herculaneum seems more elegant and refined than Pompeii because of the original character of architecture and decoration (ornaments) and because of the natural position above the scenary of the gulf. Excavations began in 1709, while from 1738 to 1765 systematic explorations were conducted by order of Charles III of Bourbons. From 1927 the excavations in the open of the whole area were begun by Amedeo Maiuri.

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